Homeless in a Hostile City - Part 4

Sculptor Fabian Brunsing brought a satirical eye to the issue by creating the “pay bench”, an art installation of a park bench that retracts its metal spikes for a limited time when the prospective sitter feeds it a coin.

Completely missing the joke, Chinese officials thought that this was a great idea and installed similar benches in Yantai Park of the Shangdong province.

(Continued in Part 5)


'Homeless in a Hostile City' is a collection of ten short stories that highlight the social and emotional impact of hostile architecture in urban centres around the world.

This May 26th and 27th, the City of Toronto makes an event out of opening its doors to the public. At the same time, the city installs and supports the installation of de